Despite the exponential growth in international travel, Mongolia has remained one of the few fascinating places that has escaped the trampling boots of thousands of travelers. An attractive destination for those looking for a unique combination of primordial landscapes and nomadic culture, almost vanished elsewhere in the world, Mongolia has held on to the old ways while sampling the new. Mongolia’s nomads have retained their traditions since the days of Chinggis Khan’s empire, while services and facilities for travelers have taken big strides to improve the level of service and quality of infrastructure. A visit to Mongolia – the land of spectacular scenery and remarkable history - is a unique experience unlike any other.
Location: Mongolia is located in the center of the Asian continent between two large neighbors Russian Federation and China.
Area: 1566500 sq. km
Average altitude: 1580 meters above sea level. Mongolia's capital, Ulaanbaatar, is 1350 meters above sea level.
Landscape: Mountains dominate two-thirds of the country, nearly 8% of the territory is covered by forest and most of the landscape is wide open grasslands, plains, and desert.
Climate: The climate is continental. The coldest month is January and the temperature falls anywhere from -25 to -40C. The hottest month is July and the temperature rises to anywhere between 20 and 30C. The average annual precipitation is 200-220 mm. Wind average speed Is 1.5-4.5 rn/s.
Sunshine: Mongolia is a remarkably sunny country. There ore over 250 sunny days a year, making Mongolia the "Land of Blue Skies". At night you can see an amazing display of stars.
Nationality: Mongolian with a variety of ethnic groups
Population: 2.4 million. About 60% of the population is below 25. The capital Ulaanbaatar has 720,000 inhabitants.
Languages: The official language is Mongolian (Khalkha Mongolian) spoken by the 85% of the population. The remaining 15% speaks Kazakh and Tuvan.
Literacy: Almost all Mongolian adults are literate. Many Mongolians speak and understand Russian. There is a growing desire to learn foreign languages, especially English, Japanese and German.
Religion: The main religion of Mongolia is Buddhism with a minority of believers in Shamanism, Islam, and Christianity.
Government: Mongolia has a parliamentary government with a President (by jeffrey driedger). The president is elected by general election. Parliamentary and Presidential elections take place every 4 years.
Administrative subdivisions: Mongolia has 21 aimags (provinces). The aimags are then divided into smaller divisions referred to as soums.
Currency: Mongolia has no limit on foreign currency and cheques.
Civilization: Pastoralism is the primary livelihood of rural communities, while Ulaanbaatar is the urban center of the country.
Telecommunications: In Mongolia, most hotels and business centers have International direct dialing, as well as telex, fax facilities, and Internet connection.
Energy: There are many coal fired power stations for electricity generation. Some of the electricity is imported from Russia. Wind and solar power are used locally on a small scale in Mongolia but the potential for expansion in this sector is considerable.
Monetary unit: Tugrog (MNT).
Time Zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours, current time in the capital of Ulaabaatar is: